Biorenewables

Chile has great potential to lead the development of biorenewables in certain biomasses.
Our country has unique geographical and climatic characteristics as well as human resource expertise and infrastructure associated with cellulose, micro and macro algae.

Chile is the fourth largest exporter of chemical pulp from wood, with an average market share exceeding 10%.

In the case of macro algae, more than 5,000 kilometers of coastline in addition to infrastructure and expertise provide a favorable context for the development of biotechnology, mainly as a source of sugars.

Meanwhile, micro algae are favored by the luminosity (in time and intensity) in North of Chile, including the Atacama Desert, and the access to water due to its proximity to the sea and CO2 emission centers.

Emblematic Examples

Clear Energy
This company has set the mission of contributing to the development of clean, environmentally-friendly energy, through the development of new technologies. Two options are combined for independent power production: the use of greenhouse gases from emitting plants that burn fossil fuels (coal and oil derivatives) and gas processing in a biorefinery, using microalgae, for industrial production of biofuels.

Consorcio BIOCOMSA
This company aims to undertake energy solutions and projects in Chile in the field of second-generation biodiesel production from forest biomass.
The consortium works to deepen the biomass assessment studies, the development of bioenergy crops, technical and economic evaluation of the process so that these researches will pave the way for technology transfer. It also involves strengthening relations with institutions in the area of biomass worldwide.

Biocomsa S.A. corresponds to the consortium composed by ENAP Refinería S.A., Consorcio Maderero S.A. and Universidad de Chile.

http://www.consorciobiocomsa.cl

Consorcio BIOENERCEL
This consortium hopes to develop a set of projects to propose a viable alternative to the energy problem in Chile, by adapting technologies and developing human capacities to enable the implementation of a biofuels industry in Chile. In addition, Bioenercel considers infrastructure development and actions for the protection and commercialization of the results.

The consortium Bioenercel S.A. is composed by Universidad de Concepción, Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Fundación Chile, Arauco, CMPC and Masisa.

It received nearly US $6 million in public funding from InnovaChile of CORFO, or 58% of the total cost of the project, amounting over US $10 million.

http://www.bioenercel.com

Consorcio Desert Bioenergy S.A.
Aims to generate technological developments for the production of biodiesel and other byproducts of economic interest, covering the supply chain that begins with the development of techniques for mass cultivation of microalgae with high productive potential.
Involved are Universidad de Antofagasta, Universidad de la Frontera, CCITEM, Electroandina and Prodalmar, among others.
Desert Bioenergy contributed US $2.1 million and InnovaChile of Corfo contributed an amount close to US $5 million.

http://www.bioenercel.com

Consorcio Algafuels
Consortium formed by Empresa Eléctrica del Norte Grande (Edelnor), Copec, Bioscan and Pontificia Universidad Católica, among others. Its work program includes the implementation of R&D programs, developing human capacities and infrastructure, and technology transfer program that will be the cornerstone for maximizing the impact of their results.

To develop the project, Algafuels contributed US $7.1 million, while InnovaChile contributed US $6.4 million, consolidating a total of over US $13 million.

Consorcio Balfuels
Composed by Bal Chile, Universidad de Los Lagos and Architecture Lab, among others. It aims to develop programs, in principle, from the macroalgae Macrocystis pyrifera, and it will employ the advanced fermentation technology developed by Bio Architecture Lab Inc. Biofuels (e.g. bioethanol) and chemical products obtained will be used in Chile as a renewable and sustainable energy source.

They expect to produce about 165 million liters of bioethanol, which is 5% of the current gasoline consumption in the country. As a contribution to climate change, this means reducing CO2 emissions by 400,000 tons from the atmosphere.

To develop the project, Balfuels contributed US $3.2 million and InnovaChile US $7.5 million.